Luke 22


Luke 22:1-71



Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus
· The setting is just before the Festival of Unleavened Bread (aka Passover).
· The chief priests and teachers of the law were looking for some way to get rid of Jesus, because they were afraid of the people. This is also depicted in the way the officials do not arrest Jesus in public and have to arrest Him at night with weapons. Jesus brings this up at the end of the chapter. Clearly there is a threat here. According to Luke there seems to be a reoccurring motive. This might not seem significant, but one of the things that adds a little more color to the situation is the great amount of detail and repeated themes that Luke provides.
· Satan “entered” Judas (consider the word “possessed” by another definition of the Greek)
· Judas consented to handing over Jesus
· Luke makes a shift toward the final events of Jesus.

The Last Supper
· The setting is the day of Passover where the lamb is sacrificed.
· As Jesus gives instructions to Peter and John, Luke suggests that Jesus is omniscient as God is, supporting Him as Messiah.
· Jesus predicts His own death, saying that this is His last meal. He will not eat “until it finds fulfillment in the Kingdom of God.” And He will not drink “until the Kingdom of God comes.” See Rev 19:9 for the messianic banquet at the end of the age.
· Jesus claims the Passover bread to be His body, which is broken. Deut 16:3
· Jesus claims that the Passover cup is His blood, which is poured out. Specifically He notes that it is the NEW covenant in His blood. The irony here is that the Passover was based off of an “old” covenant.
· Jesus breaks into the warning toward the one who will betray Him. This foretells of the betrayal to come, as part of God’s plan. They all respond with who the greatest is. Jesus says that the greatest are those that serve. Note that Peter and John were sent to prepare the Passover meal (service).
· Jesus says that He is giving (appointed, also consider the idea of “a covenant being made”) them a Kingdom, just as God Himself has given Jesus. “…so that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdomand sit on thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.” (vs30)
· Simon Peter is told that Satan is sifting all of them. Jesus is praying for Simon Peter specifically. When he “turns back” he is to strengthen his brothers.
· Simon Peter swears his devotion to the Christ (even to death) and Jesus tells him that he will deny Jesus.
· Luke uses Jesus expression of “numbered with transgressors” to reinforce the prophecy of Isaiah in Is 53:12. This seems to be warning that something tragic will happen, when at one point all of their needs were met, now they need to prepare.

Jesus Prays on the Mount of Olives
· Jesus prays that they will not fall into an unspecified temptation, later to be mentioned. Jesus’ prayer, once He has left the disciples, is that God would take the cup from Him. Clearly metaphorical for the fulfillment of His purpose (suffering), but analogous to the cup at the Last Supper. Consider the cup of God’s wrath in Jer. 25:15-29.
· Notice He calls God “Father.” This shows detail into His relationship with God. This declaration of “Father” is the whole reason for what is about to come. (see vs70)
· Jesus is given an angel to strengthen Him.
· He prayed and pleaded with such fervency that his sweat fell like drops of blood. (NIV)
· Jesus returns to the disciples to find them asleep from sorrow. He says “Get up!” The question of “what temptation”, as mentioned earlier, is answered here – assumedly, sleeping. (This gives a whole new outlook on falling asleep during prayer.)

Jesus Arrested
· Judas betrays Jesus with kiss.
· The disciples were ready to fight. Jesus makes it clear that He is not leading a rebellion, which seems to be what the Temple Officials thought, based on how they went about arresting Jesus.
· Jesus heals the man, whose ear was cut off.
· Jesus calls this hour theirs – the hour when darkness reigns.

Peter Disowns Jesus
· Peter follows Jesus and when told by a girl, a woman, and a man that he is one who associates with Jesus, Peter corrects them and denies knowing Jesus. The rooster then crows.

Jesus before Pilate and Herod
· Jesus is called before the Sanhedrin and they ask Jesus if He is the Messiah. Jesus calls out their unbelief in His role as the Messiah, but Jesus doesn’t wait for them to respond, He calls His shot as being the one who will sit at the right hand of God Himself.
· Then Luke says that they ask Him another question. They ask Him if He is the Son of God. He doesn’t appear to answer them directly, but rather poses that they think so. His phrase, “Yes, I am”, or “you say that I am”, can be taken to also mean “you got it” or “you said it”. The irony here is that they said it, but they don’t believe it.



The heart of Luke’s message was not just to give an accurate, detailed portrayal of Last Supper and Jesus’ arrest, but that His details give credibility to the claim that Jesus Christ is the Messiah. It seems to me that there is a glaring importance to the Son of God being here on earth. Those that opposed Him and those that stood nearest to Him did not grasp the importance of His presence on earth. Though the disciples did have a better handle on His identity, but His role as the One who takes God wrath for us, seems to need spelling out. For those that opposed Him, they kept sacred the things and traditions that God had given them, but they neglected to recognize God in flesh. Sometimes we have God working right in front of us, and we are so preoccupied with either life or trying to please God through our works (or even our empty religious traditions) that we completely miss it. Thankfully there is grace and a God who wants us to see Him, so He tries again with the same lesson from another angle. My take away: God help me to pay attention.

Those that stood closest to Him failed to see the importance of His purpose, as if the claim to be the Son of God and their working knowledge of the Scriptural prophecy were not enough. We see that they are oblivious when Jesus asks them to stay awake in the garden and they are found sleeping, exhausted from sorrow. Conclusively, their sleep was their temptation. Their fleshly desire pulled on them and they gave in. We all fall tired and weary, or even distracted from what has set before us. From our external pressures to our internal deviance, we are rarely as on track as we need to be. When the disciples fell asleep, they missed the importance of Jesus’ command to stay awake and pray. The Messiah is about to be arrested, and while they may not know what is about to happen, they were committed to staying loyal to Him, including His commandments. As all of us have experienced, we fail to miss that God purposes are higher than ours and, in ignorance, we fall off our guard. May we persevere even when we don’t see what is going on. May we stay diligent to further God’s Kingdom and be obedient until we see Him.



Father in heaven,

I thank you that I can call you father. My prayer is that you would do what it takes to strengthen my faith so that I don’t find myself “mocking” you or deciding to do what I feel is better. I acknowledge that Your ways are higher and I confess that solid faith and surrender are hard for me. God my desire is to serve you and see your Kingdom come. I know that my imperfections leave me far from seeing that happen apart from You. Would you teach me to ignore my fleshly distractions and be obedient, as Jesus was obedient even to the cross. Teach me to understand what I just prayed. Amen.

4 comments (Add your own)

1. Rob Schulze wrote:
Amen... Father, teach me obedience as Jesus was obedient as well. Help me not to fall into temptations today but rather be on guard for how I may serve you by serving others.

Cameron-- thank you for the hard work you put into SOAPing Luke 22. I appreciated your depth of insights and calling out several ironies which provided more insight than just my own observations. I would not be surprised is you write a commentary some day!

What spoke to me today was how Jesus inverts leadership-greatness as service demonstrated by the Messiah's washing of his disciples feet. As I walk in his dust and make disciples I need to remember Jesus posture as one who serves.

What puzzled me somewhat was Luke's statement in v45 that the disciples were exhausted from sorrow. My paradigm was that the disciples were all somewhat clueless until Jesus is arrested but here they're experiencing sorrow before his arrest.

Fri, January 30, 2015 @ 6:03 AM

2. Michelle Wilson wrote:
Awesome work Cameron, thanks for the extra details & Bible references! Rob, I noticed that they were tired from grief too....anyone have an answer for that? Joel???

The thing I noted today is the disciples lack of maturity. As I read the book from Tom Greene's class I'm learning that communication (and in turn service) can not truly happen when we focus on yourselves (immaturity, ego, insecurity & failing to love others). The disciples were clearly focused on themselves (arguing about who would betray Jesus & who was greatest among them) instead of focusing on Jesus and what He was saying/doing.

I confess I am immature, have a big ego sometimes, very insecure & fail to love others more often than not. But what encourages me is that I know the rest the story. Jesus didn't leave these guys in their immature state. He grew them and they fulfilled His Kingdom plan for Him. His mercies are new every morning, praise God!

Lord, forgive me for still being immature in so many ways. Please work in me as You did Your disciples so that I too will fulfill the Kingdom purpose You have for me. Thank You that when I fail, You are patient and filled with grace towards me. Thank You that Your mercies are new every morning...that You raise my head up and encourage me to get up and try again. Thank You Lord.

Fri, January 30, 2015 @ 11:04 AM

3. Joel King wrote:
Up until verse 45 the one who is showing sorrow is Jesus. It is obvious his heart is heavy. I think from the context it seems that the disciple's hearts are filled with sorrow because Jesus has been filled with sorrow most of the evening. They may not understand what is about to happen to Jesus, but they do understand that Jesus is deeply saddened - and this saddens them.

Fri, January 30, 2015 @ 8:23 PM

4. Michelle Wilson wrote:
Thank you Joel. We need a "like" button (o:

Fri, January 30, 2015 @ 9:43 PM

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